“Decoding Challenges: The Ongoing Struggle of Kashmiri Pandits After Article 370 Repeal”

Why Kashmiri Pandits Haven’t Fully Benefited from Article 370 Abrogation

This article is being reproduced again today dated :09.01.2024

In August 2019, the Indian government made a historic decision to abrogate Article 370, which granted special autonomy to the region of Jammu and Kashmir. This move was met with mixed reactions, and its impact has been widely discussed. While the abrogation was aimed at integrating the region more closely with the rest of India, there are certain complexities that have prevented Kashmiri Pandits from fully benefiting from this significant policy change.

"Decoding Challenges: The Ongoing Struggle of Kashmiri Pandits After Article 370 Repeal"
Understanding the Historical Context

To comprehend the challenges faced by Kashmiri Pandits post-Article 370 abrogation, we must delve into the historical context. The exodus of Kashmiri Pandits from the valley in the late 1980s due to terrorism and insurgency had a profound impact on their socioeconomic status. Despite the policy change, the scars of displacement and loss still haunt the community.

Limited Infrastructure Development in Displaced Communities

The abrogation of Article 370 aimed to bring about accelerated development to Jammu and Kashmir, but the focus primarily remained on the region’s urban areas. The displaced Kashmiri Pandit community, now residing in various parts of India, has not witnessed substantial infrastructure development in their new settlements. This lack of attention has hindered their full integration and progress.

Challenges in Restoring Cultural Heritage

Kashmiri Pandits have a rich cultural heritage that suffered during their displacement. Efforts to restore and preserve this heritage have been insufficient. The restoration of temples and cultural sites holds immense significance for the community. While steps have been taken, a comprehensive approach is needed to ensure the revival of their cultural identity.

Economic Rehabilitation and Employment Opportunities

One of the key expectations from the abrogation was the generation of employment opportunities for the local population. However, Kashmiri Pandits, who were forced to leave their homes, have faced challenges in finding suitable employment in the region upon their return. The lack of tailored economic rehabilitation programs has hindered their reintegration into the local workforce.

Security Concerns and Resettlement

Security concerns have played a significant role in the slow return of Kashmiri Pandits to the valley. The memories of their forced exodus still linger, and there is a genuine fear of history repeating itself. The government needs to ensure foolproof security measures and build confidence among the community for their safe resettlement.

Socio-Political Dynamics

The socio-political landscape of Jammu and Kashmir has undergone a seismic shift after the abrogation. The formation of a union territory and changes in administrative setup have created a degree of uncertainty. The Kashmiri Pandits, who were already grappling with displacement-related issues, now face the challenge of navigating through these evolving dynamics.

Inadequate Outreach Programs

While various policies and initiatives have been announced, their effective implementation depends on proper outreach. Many Kashmiri Pandits are unaware of the available schemes and benefits, which further hampers their ability to make the most of the new opportunities arising from the abrogation.

Bursting the Bubble: Why Challenges Persist

It might be perplexing why, despite the apparent benefits of Article 370 abrogation, Kashmiri Pandits still face numerous challenges. The answer lies in the burstiness of policies and the complexity of ground realities. Policies that look promising on paper often encounter unexpected roadblocks, and the deeply rooted issues of displacement and trauma cannot be easily resolved.

"Decoding Challenges: The Ongoing Struggle of Kashmiri Pandits After Article 370 Repeal"
Various forums continue efforts, exerting maximum impact on the central government, yet significant success remains elusive

The Global Kashmiri Pandit Conclave, organized by the Global Kashmiri Pandit Diaspora [GKPD] and Jammu Kashmir Vichar Manch [JKVM], addressed challenges over two days on February 25 and 26 in Delhi this year. 700 delegates participated, discussing the Kashmiri Pandit issue. The keynote by Sadhguru emphasized acknowledging the tragedy and suggesting symbolic gestures. Surinder Kaul urged the Indian government to take action against the community’s genocide. Event recognized “The Kashmir Files,” Anupam Kher, and others. Panel discussions highlighted concerns and resilience, criticized exile. Conclave supported the “Recourse, Restitution, Rehabilitation, and Resettlement” Bill, 2022. Resolutions gained delegate support, emphasizing addressing Kashmiri Pandit challenges.However, despite all the efforts put in, the government seems to be keeping this matter under suspension.Maybe they are running short of suitable solutions and don’t want to get valuable suggestions from the representatives of the suffering community.


The abrogation of Article 370 was a significant step towards integrating Jammu and Kashmir with the rest of India. However, its full benefits have yet to reach the Kashmiri Pandit community. To ensure their complete integration and progress, a multi-faceted approach is needed. This includes tailored infrastructure development, cultural restoration, economic rehabilitation, enhanced security measures, and effective outreach programs. Only through such comprehensive efforts can the wounds of the past be healed and a brighter future be secured for the Kashmiri Pandit community.

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Q1: Has the government provided any financial assistance to displaced Kashmiri Pandits?

The government has initiated financial assistance programs, but their reach and impact have been limited due to various reasons.

Q2: What was the purpose of the Global Kashmiri Pandit Conclave?

The Global Kashmiri Pandit Conclave aimed to address the challenges faced by the Kashmiri Pandit community and highlight their issues through discussions and events.

Q3: Who emphasized the need to acknowledge the Kashmir tragedy?

Sadhguru Jaggi Vasudev, the keynote speaker, emphasized the need to acknowledge the Kashmir tragedy and proposed symbolic gestures like naming landmarks after Kashmir.

Q4: How can the cultural heritage of Kashmiri Pandits be preserved effectively?

Efforts should include not only the restoration of physical sites but also the promotion of cultural events, education, and awareness programs.

Q5: Are there success stories of any Kashmiri Pandits who have returned and flourished in the region?

While there are some instances of successful reintegration, overall progress has been slow and uneven.

Q6: What role can the global Kashmiri Pandit community play in advocating for their rights?

The global community can raise awareness, engage with policymakers, and contribute to initiatives aimed at the welfare of Kashmiri Pandits.